ATI MEDSURG 2 LATEST EXAM GUIDE
A nurse is caring for a client who has a closed head injury and has an intraventricular catheter placed. Which of the following findings indicates that the client is experiencing increased ICP?
Flat jugular veins
GCS score of 15
Sleepiness exhibited by the client
Widening pulse pressure
Flat jugular veins is incorrect. With increased ICP, the jugular veins are typically distended.
A Glasgow Coma Scale score of 15 is incorrect.
Sleepiness exhibited by the client is correct. Sleepiness or difficulty arousing the client from sleep is an indication of increased ICP.
Widening pulse pressure is correct.
Decerebrate posturing is correct. Both decerebrate and decorticate posturing indicate
A nurse is preparing a client who has supraventricular tachycardia for elective cardioversion. Which of the following prescribed medications should the nurse instruct the clients to withhold for 48hr prior to cardioversion?
indicates neurological functioning within the expected reference range for eye opening, motor,
A Glasgow Coma Scale score of 15
and verbal response.
A widening pulse pressure (increase in systolic with
concurrent decrease in diastolic blood pressure) is an indication of increased ICP.
a. b. c. d.
Enoxaparin Metformin Diazepam Digoxin
e. Anticoagulants can be beneficial during cardioversion due to their ability to prevent blood clots that can be released into the client's circulatory system after cardioversion. This medication should not be withheld.
g. Metformin might be withheld for a client scheduled for cardiac catheterization or other procedures involving contrast dye in order to prevent damage to the kidneys. However, metformin should not be withheld prior to cardioversion.
i. Sedatives are generally administered to clients prior to cardioversion to reduce anxiety and minimize the discomfort associated with the procedure. This medication should not be withheld.
k. Cardiac glycosides, such as digoxin, are withheld prior to cardioversion. These medications can increase ventricular irritability and put the client at risk for ventricular fibrillation after the synchronized countershock of cardioversion.