Nursing: Care of Patients with Musculoskeletal Problems

Discipline: Nursing

Type of Paper: Exam Questions and Answers

Academic Level: Undergrad. (yrs 3-4)

Paper Format: Other

Pages: 11 Words: 3000


1. A client has a bone density score of –2.8. What action by the nurse is best?

a. Asking the client to complete a food diary

b. Planning to teach about bisphosphonates

c. Scheduling another scan in 2 years

d. Scheduling another scan in 6 months


A T-score from a bone density scan at or lower than –2.5 indicates osteoporosis. The nurse 

should plan to teach about medications used to treat this disease. One class of such 

medications is bisphosphonates. A food diary is helpful to determine if the client gets 

adequate calcium and vitamin D, but at this point, dietary changes will not prevent the 

disease. Simply scheduling another scan will not help treat the disease either.

DIF: Applying/Application REF: 1030

KEY: Musculoskeletal disorders| patient education| bisphosphonates

MSC: Integrated Process: Nursing Process: Implementation

NOT: Client Needs Category: Physiological Integrity: Reduction of Risk Potential

2. A nurse is assessing an older client and discovers back pain with tenderness along T2 and 

T3. What action by the nurse is best?

a. Consult with the provider about an x-ray.

b. Encourage the client to use ibuprofen (Motrin).

c. Have the client perform hip range of motion.

d. Place the client in a rigid cervical collar.


Back pain with tenderness is indicative of a spinal compression fracture, which is the most 

common type of osteoporotic fracture. The nurse should consult the provider about an x-ray. 

Motrin may be indicated but not until there is a diagnosis. Range of motion of the hips is not 

related, although limited spinal range of motion may be found with a vertebral compression 

fracture. Since the defect is in the thoracic spine, a cervical collar is not needed.

DIF: Applying/Application REF: 1032

KEY: Musculoskeletal assessment| osteoporosis| older adult| pain

MSC: Integrated Process: Communication and Documentation

NOT: Client Needs Category: Physiological Integrity: Reduction of Risk Potential

3. A client has been advised to perform weight-bearing exercises to help minimize 

osteoporosis. The client admits to not doing the prescribed exercises. What action by the 

nurse is best?

a. Ask the client about fear of falling.

b. Instruct the client to increase calcium.

c. Suggest other exercises the client can do.

d. Tell the client to try weight lifting.